PLOT 24

Tuesday 19 de May, 2015
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PLOT 24 – Latin America Today is out on the street! A special edition on Latin-American architecture. You can get the April 2015 – May 2015 issue in bookstores and in our virtual store. If you suscribe to the magazine, you have a 20% discount off the cover price. 

This issue of PLOT is published within the framework of MoMA´s exhibition “ Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 – 1980”. We include a detailed review of the exhibition including an exclusive interview to Jorge Francisco Liernur, one of the curators. With more than 500 drawings, images and different historical material, the exhibition is a perspective without precedents of Latin-American architecture. Projects of architects such as Eladio Dieste, Clorindo Testa or Lina Bo Bardi are shown for the first time in a context that lets us draw relationships and links between architecture productions of the different countries in the region. 

PLOT 24 is dedicated to create redefinitions and reformulations. PLOT sets out to pick up on the spirit of compromise with the present to suggest a reassessment on contemporary discourses. Due to the historical moment we´re going through in relationship to the transformations of the region and the discipline, PLOT presents five categories of analysis that enables a debate about Latin-American production in architecture today: non moderns, naturalists, artisans, neotropicalists, y disruptives. For the practice section we produced a map where we indicate projects that are associated with one of the mentioned categories. Each category has an opening page that includes a brief description that introduces two to three projects that belong to that category.

NON MODERNS. This group works with the present but doesn´t deny history or tradition. The change they suggest is upon single operations that explicit questions of use of space, typology and program, empty spaces and disciplinary preconceptions. We publish in detail Casa Saénz by Adamo – Faiden arquitectos (Argentina), Ambient 30 60 by Umwelt (Chile) and Casa Guna by Pezo von Ellrichshausen (Chile).

NATURALISTS. This group defines itself by questioning the social contracts of our time, by thinking in nature not from a place of estrangement and control but fissionable to our own human condition and living environment. We publish in detail the Prototipo de edificio jardín hospedero y nectarífero para mariposas de Cali byHusos (España y Colombia) and Sierra Ballena I by AFRa (Argentina).

ARTISANS. This group is bounded to materialism, a form of resistance and counterculture that sometimes echoes from a conceptual field based on the work of Richard Sennet […] There´s a compromise with the material testing marked by a DIY (do it yourself) philosophy and active sociability. We publish in detail the Capilla San Miguel Arcángel by Javier Corvalán (Paraguay) and the Centro de Capacitación Käpäcläjui by Entre nos Atelier (Costa Rica). 

NEOTROPICALISTS. This group uses pure but complex geometries. There´s an emphasis on the type of response due to the climatic conditions and en many cases there´s still a use of concrete as if it were a plastic material that adapts to places and specific forms. There´s also a romantic and existential responsibility manifested in its ideas on space and landscape. We publish in detail the Casa de fin de semana by SPBR (Brasil) and the Facultad de Economía y Empresa Universidad Diego Portales by Hevia + Duque Motta + Manzi (Chile).

DISRUPTIVES. This group gives a strong value to aesthetics because it sees in it a possibility of a new type of representation. The icon, the monumentality or the social impacts of an image are used in many cases to attract renewal. Therefore, there´s an assessment of technology to be used as a tool for ideas and metaphors of possible futures. We publish in detail the Centro de Interpretación científica Pabellón cielo y tierra and the Telescopio Mazinger by GGMPU + Lucio Morini (Argentina), Casa CAP de MMX (México) and the Jardín Infantil Ciudad de la Alegría, Timayui by Giancarlo Mazzanti (Colombia).

In this edition, PLOT invited three architects to write about contemporary architecture production of the region. Fernando Luiz Lara tracks down and presents the origins and the evolution of modern architecture in Brazil to define the conditions and the principles of its present. Jeannette Plaut writes together with Marcelo Sarovic – who directs the Chilean magazine Trace – and analyzes a series of important projects constructed in Chile in recent years to exemplify certain guidelines about architecture in this country. Lastly, Camilo Restrepo constructs a personal perspective about the discipline in Latin America based on the radical transformations to indicate the beginning of the 21st century. Finally, en the theory section of PLOT 24 Ciro Najle converses with Francisco Cadau in a new edition of Out of Time.

PLOT 24

INDEX

MAGAZINE

Latin America en Construction: Architecture 1955 – 1980.With more than 500 drawings, images and different historical material, the exhibition is a perspective without precedents of Latin-American architecture. Projects of architects such as Eladio Dieste, Clorindo Testa or Lina Bo Bardi are shown for the first time in a context that lets us draw relationships and links between architecture productions of the different countries in the region. 

Trazando vínculos. La construcción de la mirada curatorial. PLOT talked to the Argentinian architect and historian Jorge Francisco Liernur, curator of Latin America en Construction: Architecture 1955 – 1980, to discuss the approaches and goals of the exhibition, the process of its realization and what were the specific contents.

PRACTICE

NON MODERNS. This group works with the present but doesn´t deny history or tradition. The change they suggest is upon single operations that explicit questions of use of space, typology and program, empty spaces and disciplinary preconceptions.

Casa Saénz, Adamo – Faiden arquitectos, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2012.

Ambient 30 60, Umwelt, Santiago, Chile. 2013.

Casa Guna, Pezo von Ellrichshausen, San Pedro de la Paz, Chile, 2014.

NATURALISTS. This group defines itself by questioning the social contracts of our time, by thinking in nature not from a place of estrangement and control but fissionable to our own human condition and living environment.

Prototipo de edificio jardín hospedero y nectarífero para mariposas de Cali, Husos, Cali, Colombia, 2012.

Sierra Ballena I,  AFRa, Maldonado, Uruguay, 2012.

ARTISANS. This group is bounded to materialism, a form of resistance and counterculture that sometimes echoes from a conceptual field based on the work of Richard Sennet […] There´s a compromise with the material testing marked by a DIY (do it yourself) philosophy and active sociability.

Capilla San Miguel Arcángel, Javier Corvalán, Gran Asunción, Paraguay, 2012.

Centro de Capacitación Käpäcläjio, Entre nos Atelier, Cartago, Costa Rica, 2014.

NEOTROPICALISTS. This group uses pure but complex geometries. There´s an emphasis on the type of response due to the climatic conditions and en many cases there´s still a use of concrete as if it were a plastic material that adapts to places and specific forms. There´s also a romantic and existential responsibility manifested in its ideas on space and landscape. 

Casa de fin de semana, SPBR, San Pablo, Brazil, 2013.

Facultad de Economía y Empresa Universidad Diego Porales, Hevia + Duque Motta + Manzi, Región Metropolitana de Santiago, Chile.

DISRUPTIVES. This group gives a strong value to aesthetics because it sees in it a possibility of a new type of representation. The icon, the monumentality or the social impacts of an image are used in many cases to attract renewal. Therefore, there´s an assessment of technology to be used as a tool for ideas and metaphors of possible futures.

Centro de Interpretación científica Pabellón cielo y tierra, Telescopio Mazinger, GGMPU + Lucio Morini, Córdoba, Argentina, 2015.

Casa CAP, MMX, Mexico D.F., Mexico, 2013.

Jardín Infantil Ciudad de la Alegría, Timayui, Giancarlo Mazzanti, Timayui, Santa Marta, Colombia, 2011.

THEORY

Continuidades y rupturas en la arquitectura contemporánea brasileña. Fernando Luiz Lara. Tracks down and presents the origins and the evolution of modern architecture in Brazil to define the conditions and the principles of its present.

Entre la resistencia y la adaptación: nuevos caminos de la arquitectura en Latinoamérica. Jeannette Plaut, Marcelo Sarovic. Analyzes a series of important projects constructed in Chile in recent years to exemplify certain guidelines about architecture in this country.

Ambigüedad y paradoja. Camilo Restrepo. Constructs a personal perspective about the discipline in Latin America based on the radical transformations to indicate the beginning of the 21st century.

Out of Time 026. Ciro Najle converses with Francisco Cadau in a new edition of Out of Time.

See content for other PLOT issues:

PLOT 01 PLOT 02 / PLOT 03 PLOT 04 / PLOT 05 PLOT 06 / PLOT 07 / PLOT 08 / PLOT 09 PLOT 10 PLOT Special Edition Nº2: Constructive details. 1º Unfinished Technological Map / PLOT 11 PLOT 12 / PLOT 13 / PLOT 14 / PLOT 15 / PLOT Special Edition Nº3: Constructive details. 2º Unfinished Technological Map/ PLOT 16 / PLOT 17 / PLOT 18 / PLOT 19 / PLOT 20PLOT 21PLOT 22PLOT 23PLOT 24

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