PLOT 33Wednesday 23 de November, 2016
PLOT 33. The October 2016 – November 2016 edition is already available in bookstores and in our virtual store. If you subscribe to the magazine, you have a 20% discount on the cover price.
In the Magazine section of this issue of PLOT we publish an article about the 6th. Edition of Oslo´s Triennale, entitled After Belonging, about the actual changing condition of the idea of belonging. Following that, we present two Latin-American recent buildings that reflect a solid state of the discipline in a consolidated generation of architects: the Pavilion for the Culture Fair in Mexico City, by PRODUCTORA, and the Interpretation center in the Atacama Desert, by Emilio Marin and Juan Carlos López. In addition, we publish “Tu reflexión”, a pavilion built by the Chilean architects Guillermo Hevia García and Nicolás Urzúa Soler.
In the Practice section we publish an interview with Steven Holl followed by three of his most prominent buildings of the last years: La Cité de l’ Óceán et du Surf, in France; the Campbell Sports Center and the Visual Arts School of Iowa University, in United States. In addition, we publish three buildings by Dieguez Fridman Arquitectos & Asociados, an Argentine office based in Buenos Aires: the Corner House, RDYA Agency and Dorrego 1711. The Brazilian office Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados show sophistication in simple and practical solutions for their clients, through the Maracanã House, the House + Studio, the Vila Matilde, and the Mipibu House, in São Paulo. To close this section, we publish a text by Mathias Müller and Daniel Niggli, cofounding partners at EM2N office, about the work of Caruso St. John in the Renovation of Sir John Soane Museum in London.
In the Theory section we publish a conversation between Anna Font and Ciro Najle, about Palladian villas and the actual ways of teaching architecture, together with three essays: La Escuelita:bastion, coordinate and quarry by Silvio Plotquin, From deposit to cinema; representations of Catalinas Norte as a “door” by Eleonora Menéndez, and Disciplinary Competitions, by Gisela Bureu. Finally, we present an illustrate epilogue with drawings from the book The Temporary Inhabitant, by Thomas Batzenschlager.
MAGAZINE “After Belonging”. 6th Oslo´s Triennale. Developed between September and November 2016, this Triennale edition rounds about the changing condition of the idea of belonging caused by the global circulation of people, information and goods. The event was organized by the After Belonging Agency, specially formed for this year’s Oslo Architecture Triennale by a group of architects based in New York and Rotterdam: Lluís Alexandre Casanovas Blanco, Ignacio G. Galán, Carlos Mínguex Carrasco, Alejandra Navarrete Llopis and Marina Otero Verzier.
By the vertex and the edges. We present two projects recently built in Latin-America that show the solid state of the discipline in a consolidated generation of architects, whose work distinguishes from the architectonic themes usually associated to the region.
PRODUCTORA, CDMX / Pavilion for the Culture Fair. The pavilion that represented Mexico City in the 2014 Culture Fair focused in the migration waves that influenced the history of the country’s capital. Curved and straight ramps, balconies and corridors, wrap an 8-meter-high equilateral triangle that holds an exhibition curated byAlberto Oderiz. The structure was prefabricated at workshop, assembled in only eight days at the Zócalo and remained there during two weeks.
Emilio Marín + Juan Carlos López, Interpretation center in the Atacama Desert.This public building is the first wind farm in the north of Chile. The project extends the limits and expands the modern vision of the relationship between landscape and architecture, integrating the proposal as a new landscape in the desert, becoming a molten steel rock that disappears in the vastness of the desert.
Guillermo Hevia García + Nicolás Urzúa Soler,”Tu reflexion”, YAP_Constructo 06. This pavilion is the result of the 6th edition of the YAP_CONSTRUCTO call, one of the five headquarters of the international Young Architects Program, a worldwide program organized by the Museum of Modern Art of New York and MoMA PS1. It is located in a park in the city of Santiago, offering cultural activities and entertainment to the general public. The proposal consists in a mirrored-tape, that rethinks the objectuality of the pavilions and the visitor’s role in the architectural experience.
Interview with Steven Holl. We share a conversation between PLOT and the founder of Steven Holl Architects, who tells us about his time studying in Rome, the role of his watercolors in his creative process, the connections he finds between architecture, music and poetry, the challenges of working in different cultural contexts, the buildings that marked his career and his visions of the actual state of the discipline.
Steven Holl Architects, Cité de l´Oceán et du Surf. The museum explores surfing and the ocean, and their role in our free time, in science and ecology. The morphology derives from the concept diagram “under the sky / under the ocean”. The concave form under the sky gives a civic character to the main square. The convex concrete roof under the ocean houses the exhibition spaces.
Steven Holl Architects, Campbell Sports Center. The first athletic building in Columbia University since 1970, consolidates as the new angular stone of the revitalized campus, providing new spaces for the whole athletism interscholastic program. The design concept “points over the ground, lines in the space” was developed based on football, soccer and baseball diagrams and was built with a punctual-support system over a sloping plot.
Steven Holl Architects, Visual Arts School at the University of Iowa. The new building provides 11.706 m² of loft spaces for the different visual arts. The interdisciplinary collaboration between art departments was obtained by incorporating vertical openings trough the slabs. These vertical openings are characterized by a displaced layers language, creating multiple balconies for open-air social reunions and exterior spaces for informal work, motivating interaction between the different levels of the building.
Dieguez Fridman Arquitectos & Asociados. Tristán Dieguez and Axel Fridman opened their office in the year 2000, when they returned from the United States to begin their independent activity in Argentina. Their office has positioned in the international panorama as one of the most known Argentine architecture firms, in a way thanks to their collaboration in the Ordos 100 project in China, to which they were invited by Herzog & de Meuron.
Dieguez Fridman Arquitectos & Asociados, Square House. The challenge of the project for a house in Belgrano, a residential neighborhood in Buenos Aires, had to do with transforming the typical horizontal organization from “Chorizo Houses” to a vertical one, while maintaining some conditions of the original typology, like the interior-exterior relations, public and private tours and exterior spaces, optimizing a small plot.
Dieguez Fridman Arquitectos & Asociados, RDYA Agency. Offices for a design and publicity agency. The architects proposed double height spaces in the reception, meeting rooms and the terrace, articulated in section. Through a series of openings, the working areas are visually connected and receive natural light from different orientations.
Dieguez Fridman Arquitectos & Asociados, Dorrego 1711 Building. The project for this apartments and professional offices building proposes the exploration of the Urban Planning Code potentials to create different interior and exterior space conditions. The idea is to take advantage of the difference between the volume and the constructible surface, generating internal and external openings that admit multiple visuals within the office and towards the city.
Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados. The office was founded in 2006 in Sao Paulo by Danilo Terra and Pedro Tuma, both architects graduated in 2003 and 2004 from the Architecture School of Mackenzie University. In 2014, Fernanda Sakano joined the office, architect by the Architecture Institute of Sao Paulo University (USP) graduated in 2010. Over these ten years of trajectory, one of the singularities of the office is the way they operate in relationship with the historical, social and material reality of their projects.
Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados, Maracanã House. One of the main restraints for the design of this house was the sloping land under the street line. The difficulty of saving the levels difference while maintaining the house fixed to the ground became the axis of the project. The constructive rationalization of the project was the result of a creative and experimental process in the development of low cost structural solutions.
Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados, House + Studio. In this project, living and working coexists in the same space. It is a house and at the same time, a photography studio; two different architectural programs for a same project, which challenge was to generate a harmonious and functional relation between them, to fulfill the client´s needs, who wanted practical solutions and interdependency of functions. To obtain the autonomy of the different sectors the architects projected independent accesses.
Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados, Vila Matilde House. To attend the client´s scarce resources demand and mobility difficulties, the architects proposed a simple house, inverting the logic of privacy: placing the main room in the ground floor and the social area, with a possibility of being expanded in the future, in the first floor.
Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados, Mipibu House. Located in a long and narrow plot in São Paulo, with all its limits constructed, the architects decided the internal patios to work as external areas. These patios – with large windows to make the interior as open as possible – organize the house, offering spatial qualities, ventilation and natural lighting.
Caruso St. John, Renovation of Sir John Soane´s Museum. The Swiss architects Mathias Müller and Daniel Niggli, cofounders of EM2N Office, visited the english museum where Caruso St. John Architects recently renovated some of their rooms. Fascinated by the buildings constructed by Sir John Soane during his life at Lincoln’s Inn Fields in London, the visit served as an excuse to reflect about Sir John’s collection, his spatial constructions, and the ability of architecture to revitalize and expand the senses and the experience of the constructed environment.
Out Of Time 032. Anna Font in conversation with Ciro Najle. During a walk around Vicenza, Anna Font and Ciro Najle had a conversation about Palladian Villas, their organization and the emotions visiting them generates. They also talked about nowadays education in architecture. Anna Font is an architect by Ramon Llull University, and Master in Architecture II by Harvard Graduate School of Design. She is partner at GDB (General Design Bureau), and professor at Thesis, Project III and Matter and Form at Torcuato Di Tella School of Architecture and Urban Studies.
Silvio Plotquin, La Escuelita: bastion, coordinate and quarry. Between 1976 and 1983, La Escuelita offered a series of courses of alternative formation in architecture regarding the pedagogical models in Argentina conceived by Tony Díaz and Rafael Viñoly. Plotquin analyzes the context of its creation and development, and studies the multiple connections with the Institute of Architectural and Urban Studies in New York, which occurred thanks to the connections between Díaz and Viñoly with Mario Gandelsonas.
Eleonora Menéndez, From deposit to cinema: representations of Catalinas Norte as a “door”. Significantly artificially transformed, this urban area located in front of Dársena Norte (dock north) of Buenos Aires harbour was imagined in different historical moments through one representation – the idea of “door” – to describe the changing configurations, and symbolize the articulation of discourse, knowledge and the methods related with the architectural production and the city imagined behind each of the diverse forms of “doors”.
Gisela Bureu, Disciplinary Competitions. Bureu describes the blurry destiny of the proposal “Approach of an Urbanistic Problem. A Sugar Mill for Tucumán” by Eduardo Catalano, Carlos Coire and Horacio Caminos in the IV National Architecture Room (1), in 1942. The appearance of these ideas does not solve the world problems, but it reveals new lines for investigation and questions the real interest of the architect’s collective who lead the representative institutions of the profession at that time in Argentina in expanding the architecture field and the lack of impact of the proposal.
Thomas Batzenschlager, The Temporary Inhabitant. Through a series of illustrations, Batzenschlager aims to reveal the, most of the times ignored, heritage of the spaces we inhabit. His ligne claire drawings over a white background, try to discover the characteristics of each space and the common features between different periods and cultures.
See content for other PLOT issues:
PLOT 01 / PLOT 02 / PLOT 03 / PLOT 04 / PLOT 05 / PLOT 06 / PLOT 07 / PLOT 08 / PLOT 09 / PLOT 10 / PLOT Special Edition Nº2: Constructive details. 1º Unfinished Technological Map / PLOT 11 / PLOT 12 / PLOT 13 / PLOT 14 / PLOT 15 / PLOT Special Edition Nº3: Constructive details. 2º Unfinished Technological Map/ PLOT 16 / PLOT 17 / PLOT 18 / PLOT 19 / PLOT 20/ PLOT 21/ PLOT 22/ PLOT 23/ PLOT 24/ PLOT 25/ PLOT 26/ PLOT 27/ PLOT Special Edition Nº5: Landscapes of the unstable / PLOT 28 / PLOT 29 / PLOT 30 / PLOT 31 / PLOT Special Edition Nº6: Constructive details. 3º Unfinished Technological Map/ PLOT 32
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