“Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980″ en el MoMA

Miércoles 26 de noviembre, 2014 por admin
PinExt Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMA

arg371 520x386 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAClorindo Testa. Banco de Londres y América del Sur, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1959-1966. © Archivo Manuel Gomez Piñeiro, Cortesía de Fabio Grementieri

En el 60º aniversario del estudio más grande sobre arquitectura moderna en Latinoamérica que se realizó en 1955 (Latin American Architecture since 1945) por Henry  Russell Hitchcock, el Museo de Arte Moderno de Nueva York le vuelve a dar un enfoque a esta temática con la exhibición Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980, un resumen complejo de las posturas, los debates y la creatividad arquitectónica de las regiones de Río Grande hasta Tierra del Fuego, de México hasta Cuba entre 1955 y principios de los ochenta. Esta se concentra en el cuarto de siglo subsiguiente a la exposición realizada en 1955; un período de cuestionamientos, exploración, y transformaciones políticas complejas que tuvieron lugar en Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brasil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, México, Cuba, República Dominicana y Puerto Rico. Durante estos años cada país ha generado sorprendentes obras de arquitectura que nunca han tenido un lugar en la historia de la arquitectura moderna ya que siempre fueron dominadas por arquitectos en Europa y Estados Unidos.

La exposición se llevará a cabo el 29 de Marzo hasta el 19 de Julio del 2015 y se presentaran dibujos, maquetas, fotografías, y películas inéditas reunidas durante los últimos tres años de las universidades y estudios más importantes de toda la región latinoamericana. Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980 esta organizado por Barry Bergdoll a quien pudimos entrevistar en PLOT 6, Jorge Francisco Liernur  de la Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Patricio del Real del Departamento de Arquitectura y Diseño del MoMA y Carlos Eduardo Comas de la Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul en Porto Alegre, Brasil.

Arquitectos como Lina Bo Bardi, Lucio Costa, y Oscar Niemeyer en Brasil; Juan O’Gorman, Mario Pani, Luis Barragán, y Teodoro González de León en Mexico; Mario Roberto Alvarez y Clorindo Testa en Argentina; Ricardo Porro, Fernando Salinas y Mario Coyula en Cuba; Henry Klumb en Puerto Rico; Carlos Raúl Villanueva y Jesús Tenreiro en Venezuela; Rogelio Salmona y Germán Samper en Colombia; Eladio Dieste y Nelson Bayardo en Uruguay; y Emilio Duhart y la Escuela de Valparaiso en Chile, por nombrar algunos, generan diseños con innovaciones tecnológicos que siguen desafiando proyectos contemporáneos, en donde Latinoamérica esta otra vez brindando respuestas de arquitectura y urbanismo a los problemas de desarrollo y modernización, a través de los diferentes contextos económicos y políticos.

arg16 520x377 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAMario Gandelsonas y Marta Minujin. Transformador de Cuerpos, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1966. Lápiz y tinta en papel. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Cortesía del Arquitecto.

brz99p 520x529 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAOscar Niemeyer. Catedral en construcción, Brasilia, Brasil. Fotografía: Desconocido. Arquivo Publico do Distrito Federal

05510hr070212 001d 520x346 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMALúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer. Plaza de los tres poderes, Brasilia, Brazil, 1958-1960. Fotografía: Leonardo Finotti © Leonardo Finotti

Exhibición/ Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980

Fecha/ Marzo 29 – Julio 19, 2015

Ubicación/ The Museum of Modern Art

Curaduría/ Barry Bergdoll, Patricio del Real, Jorge Francisco Liernur, Carlos Eduardo Comas.

cub70p 520x338 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAEscuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas, la Habana, Cuba, Ricardo Porro, 1961-1965. © Archivo Vittorio Garatti

The Museum of Modern Art

AN UNPRECEDENTED SURVEY OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN LATIN AMERICA AT MoMA TO HIGHLIGHT ARCHITECTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS IN 10 COUNTRIES BETWEEN 1955 AND 1980

per13p 520x390 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAMiguel Rodrigo Mazuré. Hotel en Machu Picchu, Machu Picchu (Proyecto). Perspectiva. © Archivo Miguel Rodrigo Mazuré

NEW YORK, November 5, 2014—On the 60th anniversary of its last major survey of modern architecture in Latin America, The Museum of Modern Art returns its focus to the region with Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980, a complex overview of the positions, debates, and architectural creativity from the Rio Grande to Tierra del Fuego, from Mexico to Cuba to the Southern Cone between 1955 and the early 1980s. On view March 29 through July 19, 2015, Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980 is organized by Barry Bergdoll, Curator, and Patricio del Real, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Architecture and Design, MoMA; Jorge Francisco Liernur, Universidad Torcuato di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Carlos Eduardo Comas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; with the assistance of an advisory committee from across Latin America.

diesteenlaobra 520x743 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAEladio Dieste en la Iglesia Atlantida c. 1959. Fotografía: Marcelo Sassón. Archivo Dieste y Montañez

In 1955 The Museum of Modern Art staged Latin American Architecture since 1945, a landmark exhibition highlighting a decade of architectural achievements across Latin America. Latin America in Construction focuses on the subsequent quarter of a century, a period of self-questioning, exploration, and complex political shifts in all the countries included: Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Mexico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. During these years Latin American countries created startling works of architecture that have never been fully granted their place in accounts of the history of modern architecture, which is dominated by architects in Europe and the United States. The 1955 exhibition featured the result of a single photographic campaign, with no original materials on display or loans from the designers featured; by contrast, Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980 brings together more than 500 original works, materials that have never before been brought together and, for the most part, have never been exhibited even in their home countries. It proposes a complex historical reading of some of the key issues of the period, from the role of the public sector in providing housing, to the conception of new types of campus design, to the response of architecture and urbanism to the concepts of “development,” or the need for architecture to serve as part of the politics of modernization and industrialization—whether seen in capitalist models or in the communist experiment of Fidel Castro’s Cuba, the latter featured in rarely seen photographs.

uru40p 520x352 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAGuillermo Jones Odriozola, Francisco Villegas Berro.(Conjunto Recreacional Arcobaleno), Punta del Este, Uruguay. 1960.Centro de Documentación, Archivo Instituto de Historia de la Arquitectura.

ven74p 520x417 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMATomás José Sanabria. Hotel Humboldt, Caracas, Venezuela, 1956. © Fundación Alberto Vollmer

 The exhibition features architectural drawings and models, vintage photographs, and films from the period collected over the last three years from architecture and film archives, universities, and architecture offices throughout the region. Highlighting the extent to which the exhibition contributes to new interpretations of Latin American architecture of the period, several research teams—in addition to the invited curators—have worked over the last two years to develop analytical models and compilations of rarely seen film footage. These historical materials will be displayed alongside newly commissioned models intended to highlight the spatial invention of some of the period’s master works of architecture, and to underscore the exploration of new forms of public space. Large-scale models of key structures have been commissioned for this exhibition from the workshops of the Catholic University of Chile, along with models of buildings and their landscapes fabricated by the University of Miami. A special feature of both the exhibition and the catalogue is a group of new photographs by the Brazilian photographer Leonardo Finotti.

arg83p1 520x359 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAAmancio Williams. Hospital en Corrientes, Corrientes, Argentina, 1948-1953. Drawing. Unframed: 25 9/16 x 37 5/8” (65 x 95.5cm). © Amancio Williams Archive

While the focus will be on the period of 1955 to 1980 throughout most of Latin America, the exhibition is introduced by an ample prelude on the preceding three decades of architectural developments in the region, with a gallery of original films created from vintage footage by Los Angeles-based director and producer Joey Forsyte. Drawn from the filmmaker’s archival research across 15 countries and dozens of sources, the films present the transformation of key capital cities in the region, the construction of two landmark university campuses in Mexico City and Caracas, and the development of the new Brazilian capital at Brasilia. Architects such as Lina Bo Bardi, Lucio Costa, and Oscar Niemeyer in Brazil; Juan O’Gorman, Mario Pani, Luis Barragán, and Teodoro González de León in Mexico; Mario Roberto Alvarez and Clorindo Testa in Argentina; Ricardo Porro, Fernando Salinas and Mario Coyula in Cuba; Henry Klumb in Puerto Rico; Carlos Raúl Villanueva and Jesús Tenreiro in Venezuela; Rogelio Salmona and Germán Samper in Colombia; Eladio Dieste and Nelson Bayardo in Uruguay; and Emilio Duhart and the School of Valparaiso in Chile, to name but a few, met these challenges with formal, urbanist, and programmatic innovation—much of it relevant still to the challenges of our own period, in which Latin America is again providing exciting and challenging architecture and urban responses to the ongoing issues of modernization and development, though in vastly different economic and political contexts than those considered in this major historical reevaluation.

gambinipanamericano1 520x396 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMASicherio Bouret. Edificio Panamericano, 1959. Fotografía: Jorge Gambini Ons © Jorge Gambini Ons

brz86 520x388 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAAffonso Eduardo Reidy. Museo de Arte Moderno de Río de Janeiro (MAM), Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 1934-1947. ©Núcleo de Documentação e Pesquisa – Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

The exhibition is accompanied by two major publications: a richly illustrated catalogue and an anthology of primary texts translated from Spanish and Portuguese.

SPONSORSHIP: Major support for the exhibition is provided by The International Council of The Museum of Modern Art.

Additional funding is provided by The Reed Foundation and by the MoMA Annual Exhibition Fund.

col39p 520x357 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMARogelio Salmona and Hernán Vieco. Complejo de vivienda colectiva en San Cristobal, Bogotá, Colombia, 1963-1966. Fotografía: Paolo Gasparini © Fundación Rogelio Salmona

moldeboveda 520x524 Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955 1980 en el MoMAEladio Dieste. Iglesia Atlantida en construccion c. 1959. © Marcelo Sassón / Archivo Dieste y Montañez

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